Athletes need to be careful about what they consume into their bodies.

What you put in, you get out. Foods contain combinations of many nutrients. No single food can supply all nutrients in the amounts the body requires. Most of all, meat, fish, and poultry are major contributors of iron, zinc, and B vitamins in most American diets. It is important for people of all ages to maintain a healthy weight. People who are overweight  are more likely for an increase in high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, breathing problems and other illnesses therefore increasing the chance for an earlier death..

To preserve a healthy body weight, you must balance the number of calories in the foods and drinks you consume with the number of calories the body uses. Extreme thinness is also unhealthy due to poor eating habits. People who eat very little or diet excessively may not get the calories and other nutrients they need for good health. There are two main ingredients that you should keep out of your diet.


Sugars are simple carbohydrates. Dietary carbohydrates also include starch and fiber, which are complex carbohydrates. Sugars and starches occur naturally in many foods that supply other nutrients. Examples of these foods include milk, fruits, some vegetables, breads, cereals, beans and grains. Some sugars are used as natural preservatives, thickeners and baking aids in food. The body cannot tell the difference between naturally occurring and added sugars because they are identical chemically, hence, usages should be moderate. Moderation is the key to sugar usage for most healthy people and sparingly by people with low-calorie needs. This includes fruit snacks, cookies, and cakes.


The chemical element sodium occurs naturally in foods, usually in tiny amounts. One form of sodium is sodium chloride, commonly known as table salt. In the body, sodium plays an essential role in regulation of fluids and blood pressure. Most evidence recommends that many people at risk for high blood pressure reduce their chances of developing this condition by consuming less salt or sodium. Some questions continue, partly because other aspects may interact with sodium to affect blood pressure.